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Mvemba a Nzinga or Nzinga Mbemba (c. 1456–1542 or 1543),[1] also known as King Afonso I, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Kongo in the first half of the 16th century. He reigned over the Kongo Empire from 1509 to late 1542 or 1543.

In 1526 Afonso wrote a series of letters condemning the violent behavior of the Portuguese in his country and the establishment of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. At one point he accused them of assisting brigands in his own country and illegally purchasing free people as slaves. He also threatened to close the trade altogether. However, in the end, Afonso established an examination committee to determine the legality of all enslaved persons presented for sale.

Afonso was a determined soldier and extended Kongo’s effective control to the south. His letter of 5 October 1514 reveals the connections between Afonso’s men, Portuguese mercenaries in Kongo’s service and the capture and sale of slaves by his forces, many of which he retained in his own service.

In 1526 Afonso wrote two letters concerning the slave trade to the king of Portugal, decrying the rapid destabilization of his kingdom as the Portuguese slave traders intensified their efforts.

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Comment (43)

  1. Kiambote kotaku! Greetings to you! From a person of the KINGDOM OF KONGO!

    1- Please, please, please, correct the name of my mighty KING as MBEMBA A NZINGA or also NZINGA MBEMBA.
    2- Thank you for your efforts for unearthing what others did not know.
    3- my contacts : R. Luzolo MBEMBA
    POBOX 1287, DURHAM, NC 27702
    Email: yambemba@gmail.com
    4- Regards and much love!

  2. And the world is continuously lunching Africa for corruption and many other evils! What we forget is the simple fact : it's easy to break down the house, but to build it up takes years!! Africa was emptied with skilled workforce and left old young and weak. But we will get up soon

  3. Roman Catholic's is false Christianity hence they promote the doctrine of the Nicolaitans (i.e. to dominate the common people) which JESUS CHRIST hates:
    Matthew 20:25 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. 26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister; 27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant: 28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many. 29 And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him.

     Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent. 6 But this thou hast, that thou hatest the deeds of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate. 7 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

     Revelation 2:15 So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, which thing I hate. 16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth. 17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

    Matthew 23:8 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren. 9 And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven. 10 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ. 11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.
    Read only the pure bible here: http://www.purebiblesearch.com

  4. Seems he didn't understand the concept of leadership and global trade and his country snatched right from under him while worshipping Portuguese and the like.

  5. Figure out why he wears a fez then you'll be learning something, Portuguese we're cannanite Moors, light skinned cause the had white harems, yes they enslaved 2 million Europeans, then Hebrews from West Africa. Look up Arab slave trade, it's about bloodlines not skin color, skinfolks ain't kinfolks. Esau married 6 cannanite wives, his kids were dark skinned.

  6. One question where they hamites that were stolen and sold or where they Israelites in the Congo. There is a difference between Israelites and hamites which is which according to scripture hamites were not sold which today we will call African Israelites same color different tribe of people according to scriptures Israelites were the ones that were captured sold or stolen off the land from Portugal people which are the Spaniards. Then sold to the Europeans. So at the end of the day somebody's lying either Africans were sold or Israelites I'll stick to God he said Israelites were sold or going off to four corners of the world or Earth didn't say Canaanites Africans which are hamites now I'm not going to say none of them were taken but the majority were Israelites according to scripture

  7. Is incredible how our people haven't realized, we need to have our own places and things…. because the rest is built for white males only…
    That's why we don't "function" well in it…

  8. Great documentary, but as someone who is from the kongo tribe, Angola is not modern day Congo nor is "congo" the former Kongo kingdom.. Kongo is now northern Angola, bas-congo in the DRC, The republic of Congo and parts of Gabon and some say Cameroon

  9. Pretty much sums up Global African Leaders and the present state of the continent. It’s embarrassing. Remember this past month with the Cathedral burning how much was donated by these African Leaders but the people are destitute and not even themselves able to maintain, this is the state of so-called African leadership today, even here in America. : I’m embarrassed of the state to which I see.

  10. Excellent presentation I really enjoy these informative videos. Black panther film was in error to show the CIA agent as a savior when they have been and still are exploiters. But their is much value in the symbology and allegory for example. Tchalla has Allah in it represented by the black cat. Ala in Arabic means the Most High. The goddess bast is also represented by the black cat. Bast takes us to the bubastis dynasty Libu Kings who rose to power in the 22nd dynasty. Black panther originates with two Ashkenazi Jewish writers likely influenced by Kabbalah or what is called Jewish mysticism/Freemasonry. The bubastis dynasty had a very affectionate relationship with Hiram the 1st of Byblos in Lebanon. Their is a sarcophagus in byblos an Egyptian style sarcophagus , inscribed with a display of the entire Hebrew alphabet 1000 bc. This should interest us in our scholarship , knowing Hebrew is the original language of scripture in the Bible. Assalamualaikum Shalom Peace.

  11. thy coudnt hve start slavery without breaking the kingship of kongo ,kongo is spirituel shield of the dark race aka (bantu nation) where the rulership of the 12 ancient kingdom is hidden until

  12. in the name king mvemba of kongo .you have king kong portrait as a gorrila fighting monster to protect a woman ,kongo symbolise GOD ,woman symbolise israel ,monster ,lucifer ,white people much about us

  13. I love this and how your words were seasoned with salt a true man of color would season his words with salt unlike the indignant and ignorant . the truth will spread like fire " ye shall know the truth and the truth will set you free

  14. Im a white man and i have to say the king should have build a army and defended his kingdom against the white europeans and the Portuguese.

  15. The historians always say that these former rulers converted to Christianity. But they never say what they converted from! I think that it's a huge issue not to mention what their faith was based on or in prior to getting involved with these counterfeit religions…

  16. Afonso complained that Africans were kidnapping other Africans to sell to the Portuguese. The problem was that the Portuguese would buy slaves from African slavers indiscriminately, including nobles and vassals of the king. The problems he complained of were the consequence of his own decision to sell slaves. In the end, Afonso kept on doing so.

  17. When the Spanish banish the moors the Muslims and the children of Israel that were in Spain as well which is not told this history is hidden they always talking about the moors the moors towards the moors they were forced to convert to European Christianity they were already believers in the heavenly father but in a different way the old Torah way so the navigation should mention from the beginning of the expulsion of the Israelites

  18. This guy doing video is wrong about the Portuguese kidnapping, the lettter said the merchant was tempting his people with goods. There was a exchange of good for people that was kidnapped by the konglese people. These people could have been person slave or anybody there didn’t like.

  19. The King was worried about illegal slave trade in his land.. don’t mistake this for him trying to stop slavery. Slavery was fine as long as the king was in control of it and as long as it was his enemies being sold. The same thing happen to the King of Benin. That why Benin kicked the Portuguese out..

  20. Thai is proof the The King was angry about the Portuguese merchants selling good for slaves to people in vassal states, vassal state are region under the King domain. He wanted the Portuguese to trade through his people and he wanted them to trade captives not free men. Please read,,this is one of many letter send by Kongo kings.

    (At our town of Kongo, written on the sixth day of July in 1526.)

    Moreover, Sir, in our Kingdoms there is another great inconvenience which is of little service to God, and this is that many of out people, keenly desirous as they are of the wares and things of your Kingdoms, which are brought here by your people, and in order to satisfy their voracious appetite, seize many of our people, freed and exempt men, and very often it happens that they kidnap even noblemen and the sons of noblemen, and our relatives, and take them to be sold to the white men who are in our Kingdoms; and for this purpose they have concealed them; and others are brought during the night so that they might not be recognized.

    And as soon as they are taken by the white men they are immediately ironed and branded with fire, and when they are carried to be embarked, if they are caught by our guards' men the whites allege that they have bought them but they cannot say from whom, so that it is our duty to do justice and to restore to the freemen their freedom, but it cannot be done if your subjects feel offended, as they claim to be.

    And to avoid such a great evil we passed a law so that any white man living in our Kingdoms and wanting to purchase goods in any way should first inform three of our noblemen and officials of our court whom we rely upon in this matter, and these are Dom Pedro Manipanza and Dom Manuel Manissaba, our chief usher, and Goncalo Pires our chief freighter, who should investigate if the mentioned goods are captives or free men, and if cleared by them there will be no further doubt nor embargo for them to be taken and embarked. But if the white men do not comply with it they will lose the aforementioned goods. And if we do them this favor and concession it is for the part Your Highness has in it, since we know that it is in your service too that these goods are taken from our Kingdom, otherwise we should not consent to this. . . .

    Sir, Your Highness has been kind enough to write to us saying that we should ask in our letters for anything we need, and that we shall be provided with everything, and as the peace and the health of your Kingdom depend on us, and as there are among us old folks and people who have lived for many days, it happens we have continuously many and different diseases which put us very often in such a weakness that we reach almost the last extreme; and the same happens to Our children, relatives and natives owing to the lack in this country of physicians and surgeons who might know how to cure properly such diseases. And us we have got neither dispensaries nor drugs which might help us in this forlornness, many of those who had been already confirmed and instructed in the holy faith of Our Lord Jesus Christ perish and die; and the rest of the people in their majority cure themselves with herbs and breads and other ancient methods, so that they put all their faith in the mentioned herbs and ceremonies if they live, and believe that they are saved if they die; and this is not much in the service of God. And to avoid such a great error and inconvenience, since it is from God in the first place and then from your Kingdoms and from Your Highness that all the good and drugs and medicines have come to save us, we beg of you to be agreeable and kind enough to send us two physicians and two apothecaries and one surgeon, so that they may come with their drugstores and all the necessary things to stay in our kingdoms, because we are in extreme need of them all and each of them. We shall do them all good and shall benefit them by all means, since they are sent by Your Highness, whom we thank for your work in their coming. We beg of Your Highness as a great favor to do this for us, because besides being good in itself it is in the service of God as we have said above.

    (date of letter, October 18, 1526)


    3 months ago
    Slavery happened in every race and country.
    there where even slaves in the bible.

    but the worse set of slavery that is moving out of slavery to a complete dehumanization of man is the one white did.
    The most deadly creature on earth are the whites(i wonder if they have human earth)

  21. Excellent vid brotha, Here’s the split they converted to Roman catholicsim which was not about what true so-called Christianity was about that being Christ like or followers of Christ or Hamashiac…this was but a continuance of institutionalism of a religion by constantine constanople vs the nationalism and heritage life and belief of a people Israel of their Elohim the most high Yah which eventually led the Son Yahshua due to r ancestors unbelief and failures to keep the law…most of them did not hear the original Gospel as their ancestors who rejected Yahshua for the most part and were ran out of Israel and Jerusalem during the 70AD war…they took Judaism into Africa the Dutch Portuguese by then white Jew-ish along with white Catholics approved by white kings and queens funded the slave trade…true Christianity which was to bring the Gospel to the lost Hebrew and gentile world who was to bring jealousy to the most high people…was hijacked by eurocentric so-called christianity…they were NOT chosen to bring the grace dispensation into place but was used nonetheless into grafting in the gentiles and regrafting in the HebrewJews that’s all 12 tribes…so the whitewashing of Hebrewism and Christianity began with so-called white supremacy I reject them being supreme to my people…Israel has not been replaced by the church the mystery of the Gospel is the two branches being brought together as one in Body Spirit and faith n Yahshua the common denominator…now we lead up to the awakening of r people thru the Ruach Hamashiac the Spirit of Christ faith and law fulfilled first by him then his people his new creation new Kingdom within the heart or pnuema which is Spirit born again…the law could not achieve it because it brought death upon failure to which r ancestors continued…but the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah spoke the new heart to come thru Yahshua the law of the Spirit fulfilling the first four commandments loving Yah the last six loving your neighbor…

  22. was it before or after they started taking their own people that the king wrote letter to the king of Portugal, stating who and why his own people shouldn't be taken, that doesn't mean or shed clarity of who are our kin those of us in the diaspora.

  23. The roots and the habits of wickedness comes from the father of wickedness. If you don’t believe/accept the reality of the supernatural, then you will go to the grave being a soul without a lack of knowledge.

  24. I’ve learn a lot about my background country then my family members have ever taught me as a first generation Canadian. Needless to say, Christianity, specifically Catholicism is still really prominent in DRC


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