The First Crusade was one of the most extraordinary, bloody and significant episodes in medieval history. It began with an appeal for aid from the Christian Byzantine Empire, threatened by the rising power of the Muslim Seljuk Turks. But when Pope Urban II preached a sermon at Clermont in 1095, the result was unlike anything ever seen before.
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📚📚Recommended reading on the First Crusade (use affiliate links to Amazon to support the channel):
Campaign: The First Crusade 1096–99
Essential Histories: The Crusades
The Armies of Islam 7th–11th Centuries
The Crusades by Jonathan Riley-Smith
The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction by Chris Tyreman
The First Crusade: The Call From the East by Peter Frankopan
🎶🎶 Music with thanks to Filmstro:
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Image credits – via Flickr under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 2.0
Sky – Anyul Rivas via Flickr under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 2.0
Wooded Hills – Alexander Annenkov via Flickr under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 2.0
Dramatic Fields – Antonio Caiazzo via Flickr under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 2.0
Twin peaks of Mount Ararat – Adam Jones via Flickr under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 2.0
Double-headed eagle – Zeynel Cebeci via Wikimedia under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 4.0
Negev Desert: Neil Ward via Wikimedia under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 2.0
Dhow: Xavier Romero-Frias via Wikimedia under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0