Why did Prussia lose Poland after the Napoleonic Wars? (Short Animated Documentary)

Prussia, despite winning the Napoleonic Wars, never regained a chunk of its Polish lands that it had lost in 1807. So why not and why did it go to Russia? To find out watch this short and simple animated history documentary.

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Comment (47)

  1. I'm a huge fan of this channel, small issues aside. Teaching people history in a way they actually enjoy is an invaluable public service. You should cover that time US senators and representatives colluded with Nazi Germany against the US, i.e., the theme of the Ultra podcast!

  2. The claims made in this video are ridiculous and contradict historical reality. Even the title is ridiculous, suggesting that Prussia annexed all of Poland. Also the claim that Prussia won the war against France is ridiculous, like the entire video. Prussia was a puppet state of France and would have remained so without the intervention of the Russian Empire and the British Empire in the war. So Prussia was not victorious because Prussia was far too weak to defeat France. If France had waged the war against Russia smarter and had won, then Prussia would have remained a puppet state of France. Prussia was far too weak to liberate itself without the support of the British and French empires. Only the Russian Empire and the British Empire were relevant in the war against the French Empire. The Prussians only provided the auxiliary troops to the armies of these empires. Victory was unthinkable without the participation of this empires. Besides, there was only one reason why Prussia lost these Polish territories. Because the real winners were the British Empire and the Russian Empire. The Russian Empire had the power to annex these Polish territories. Weak, powerless and tiny Prussia had to accept this Russian annexation. Anyway, it was amazing that Russia surrendered Warsaw to Prussia at all. After the Napoleonic Wars, the Russians only corrected their error. After the partitions of Poland made possible by Russia, relatively small Polish territories were occupied by Prussians, with Warsaw being occupied by the Prussians for 11 years. This occupation had a very negative impact on Warsaw, because the population dropped rapidly to 115,000 inhabitants in 1806, and the economic situation also deteriorated a lot. Napoleon then took all these Polish territories from the Prussians after defeating Prussia and ceded these Polish lands to the newly established Duchy of Warsaw. After the defeat of France, the Russians then annexed much of the former Prussian-occupied Poland themselves, including Warsaw, and Prussia was only allowed to keep a very small part of Poland. The only reason why Prussia was not completely marginalized and was allowed to keep these small Polish areas and was given areas in the west at the expense of other German small states because the British wanted it that way. The British knew that there would be a future conflict with the another major empire, Russia, and so wanted to have some docile allies, which one of this should be Prussia. In fact, there was also this conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire later in the 19th century, known as "The Great Game".

    By the way, the small two part of Poland that Austria and Prussia received of Poland were actually a gift from the Russians. The Russian Empire annexed most of Poland. At this time the Russian Empire annexed the Crimea and wanted to take more areas from the Ottomans. The Russian Empire wanted to prevent a conflict with Prussia and Austria at the same time of the war with the Ottomans. So the Russian Empire left relatively small areas of Poland to Prussia and Austria. Because together Prussia and Austria could have caused trouble for the Russians when the Russians were at war with the Ottomans. If the Russian Empire hadn't the conflict with the Ottomans at that time, the Russian Empire would have annexed all of Poland. It is a historical fact that weak Prussia at the end of the 18th century would never have been able to defeat Poland and take territory from Poland. It is a historical fact that weak Prussia at the end of the 18th century would never have been able to defeat Poland and take territory from Poland. Just as Prussia's strength is always absurdly exaggerated, Poland's weakness is absurdly exaggerated during the time of the partitions. As if Prussia had been invincible and Poland completely defenseless. Although Poland was a fallen empire at the end of the 18th century, it was certainly not as defenseless as it is always portrayed to be. And Prussia, on the other hand, was not a great power like this is repeatedly falsely claimed.

    Even when Poland was completely weakened at the end of the 18th century, Prussia alone would not have been able to take areas from Poland. Because Poland still had enough economic potential to mobilize armies to ward off Prussia, as the various battles in the Kościuszko Uprising of 1794 proved. In fact, Poland was still capable of raising armies and winning battles. Neither Austria nor Prussia would have been able to defeat and to destroy Poland alone. Poland still had military potential, as was particularly evident in Kościuszko Uprising in which Poland fought against the Russian Empire, Austria and Prussia. Poland also won battles in this war like the Battle of Raclawice in April 1794 as Poland defeated the Russians. How weak Prussia was shows that Prussia really only sent an army of 1000 men against the Polish rebels. ONLY 1000 MEN! This small ridiculous Prussian army was then defeated by a far superior in number Polish army in the Battle of Bromberg in 1794. The Prussian commander-in-chief was killed in this battle too. The ridiculous Prussians also tried to besiege the Polish capital Warsaw with only 25,000 soldiers. The Poles had mobilized over 49,000 men and expelled the Prussian troops. Thanks to the mobility of the forces, of General Dąbrowski Polish troops have even advanced into Prussian Pomerania. Prussia was unable to fight Poland alone and could only hold onto the small Polish territories with the support of the Russian Empire. For example, in the Battle of Szczekociny June 1794, the Prussians needed the help of the Russian Empire to defeat Poland. The Russian Empire fought alone against the Polish troops in most battles. The Poles also proved their military potential against the Russians when the Poles defeated the Russian Empire in the Battle of Zielńce in 1792. There were also other victories against the Russians. So the Polish armies also achieved some victories in some battles, but then in the end the numerical superiority led to the victory of the Russian Empire. The dwarf Prussia would have been able to defeat Poland on its own, but in fact the Russian Empire won most battles against Poland without Prussian participation. The difference was that the Russian Empire did not need Prussian support, but Prussia could not defeat Poland alone. This is a historical fact that the various battles bear witness to. So it's clear that Prussia was not a great power capable of defeating Poland. The decisive factor was the Russian Empire for the downfall of Poland and certainly not weak Prussia and certainly not weak Prussia.

  3. As a German whose paternal ancestors lived in a region which had been annexed later by Prussia due to the victory of the Austro-Prussian War – I can say that letting Prussia behind without getting Poland was a very good decision! 😁

  4. I have a video suggestion
    "What did the Last German Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm II thought of N*zi Germany and H*tler ?"
    I mean he died in 1941, which is a year after Germany invaded the Netherlands and again after WW1, Wilhelm was exiled to the Netherlands
    So it would be interesting video to know what Kaiser Wilhelm II thought of the n*zis

  5. I wish that Prussia still exist with Kaliningrad Oblast

    Prussia Area: 126,533 sq miles
    Government: multi party presidential republic
    Population 168,800,000 2.15% of the world population
    Religion Protestantism Judaism Atheism Agnosticism and Irreligious
    Ethnic Groups
    German 98%
    Baltics 1%
    Scandinavian 0.50%
    Other 0.50%

    Languages Prussian German Dialect, High Prussian, Low Prussian, Standard German, Silesian German, Pomeranian Dialect, Yiddish, English and Bohemian German.

    CULTURE
    Every citizen is drafted into the army or police.
    Prussia is a Protestant Lutheran majority country.

    There's no LBGT rights in all of Prussia like Russia.

    Prussia is a pro gun country like the United States of America.

    Children are given military training survivalist training paramilitary training attend public gatherings wearing uniforms carrying flags musical instruments or weapons.

    Prussia doesn't have the Euro currency.

    The nation of Prussia refuses to take in Muslim refugees.

    Not even the non Muslim minorities are allowed in Prussia.

    Many North Koreans are in Prussia used for construction work, crop picking and the factories.

    Prussia has many dialects.

    1989: Prussia gains independence from the Soviet Union.

    1990: the five Central Asian countries created a United country name Caspian.

    2001: a right wing populist nativist political party called the Prussian Party governs all of Prussia to this very day.

    They are called the Prussian Party.

    Ideology: political Christianity, right wing populism, Germanization, nativism, pan Germanization, anti-Russianism, anticommunism hard Euroscepticism and nationalism.

    Sudetenland (Czechia and Slovakia) still exist in this fictional timeline
    Sudetenland area: 49,385 sq miles
    Population 99,200,000 1.24% of the world population
    Ethnic groups
    German 99%
    Other 1%

    In this story Belarus Ukraine and Moldova are ethnic German countries.

    Belarus is Barbara because the word comes from Barbarian.
    Barbara area: 80,153 sq miles
    Barbara population 115,000,000 1.47% of the world population.
    Ethnic Groups
    German 99.50%

    Ukraine is renamed Ulric.
    The name means power of the wolf power of the home.

    Ulric has all of Southern Federal District and North Caucasian District
    Area: 464,062 sq miles
    Population 280,000,000 3.60% of the world population
    Ethnic Group
    German 99.90%
    Other 0.10%
    CULTURE
    Ulric children are given military training survivalist training paramilitary training and prepping training.

    Ulric is a right wing populist nativist Protestant Lutheran majority country.

    Children work in trains, stores and restaurants at age 10 for camaraderie and independent skills.

    Ulric children learn how to shoot guns the moment they are able to and drive toy size military vehicles.

    Ulric children live in cabins, castles, hostels or hotels during the school year wearing uniforms.

    Ulric drafts it's citizens into the military right when they graduated from school.

    Ulric is a Protestant majority country and hostile towards Russia.

    Many political parties want to have Barbara, Prussia, Manfrid, Sudetenland and Ulric as one country with Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania due to the German minorities in these countries.

    Moldova is renamed Manfrid.
    Manfrid means man of peace.
    Population 7,000,000 0.9% of the world population
    Ethnic Group
    German 99.95%
    Other 0.05%

    These countries created the German Union with it's own legislation
    Members
    Azerbaijan
    Barbara
    Bulgaria
    Caspian
    Estonia
    Georgia
    Latvia
    Lithuania
    Manfrid
    Sudetenland
    Romania
    Prussia
    Ulric

    I wish that Israel could exist without the Holocaust and the German Expulsions.

  6. I'm glad the United States is still a young country and we haven't had as long to be stupid as Europe has. I'm sure with their ingenuity we could have beaten them to stupid 11 by now.

  7. People seem to forget how ambitious the Swedish were in the 19th century for Teutonic or Germanophone lands all across Europe. Even though they would remain and dwindle as a Middle Power forever. 🇩🇪🇸🇪

  8. Prussia: So um can I have Poland back.
    Russia: Mmm let me think abo- No.
    Prussia: Whelp I tried.
    Russia: But I can help you gain some German speaking land westward now that the Hold Roman Empire, which was neither Holy, nor Roman nor an Empire, has finally dissolved.
    Prussia: You lose some you gain some. Deal.

  9. I believe that due to inertia in the Russian Empire administration, despite some changes imposed over Poland after 1831 and 1863, from purely formal point of view it stayed as a separate country in the personal union with Russia down to 1918 when this bound had been broken by execution of the Nicholas II along his family (not that it mattered at that time anyway).

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