Why does the west use Arabic Numerals? (Short Animated Documentary)

Why does the western world, who are proudly descended from the Romans, use the Arabic Numeral system instead of the Roman one? You can find out why and when that change happened in this short and simple animated documentary.

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Sources:
Arithmetic with Roman Numerals by James Kennedy

MEDIEVAL TRADERS AS INTERNATIONAL CHANGE AGENTS: A COMPARISON WITH TWENTIETH CENTURY INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING FIRMS by Larry M. Parker

ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS AND RECORDING PROCEDURES IN THE EARLY ISLAMIC STATE by Omar Abdullah Zaid

THE INTRODUCTION OF “ARABIC” NUMERALS IN EUROPEAN ACCOUNTING by John W. Durham

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Comment (25)

  1. Total lies, Brahamagupta gave the Quadratic solution, when the so called prophet Muhammad was courting a 6 year old… HINDU NUMERALS

  2. They are not arabic numerals, They are Hindu numerals, as you said they originated in India and were transfered to west through the works of Persian mathematician Al khwaizimi who explicitly mentioned that these were Indian Hindu numerals. I don't know why people hate Indians so much. They almost never give Indians credit for their discoveries and always steal their discoveries.

  3. Though there had been some exposure to them before due to the travels of merchants and warriors to the Indian subcontinent, the numerals that Muslim scholars called Hindu numerals, were popularized by Muslim scholar and mathematician Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, who lived from 780 to 850 AD, in a work variously referred to as "Concerning the Hindu Art of Reckoning" or "On the Calculation with Hindu Numerals." The entire Muslim world would become familiar with Mūsā al-Khwārizmī's work with Hindu numerals in Baghdad, and from there, they would spread to the West, where they would become known as Arabic numerals.

  4. Its the same with the metric system. Its easier to understand and more practical.
    Actually Im wondering why the US doesnt use roman numbers…
    Would fit. XD

  5. Indians are mad for calling them Arabic numerals they don’t understand that the Arabs created a more developed numerical system which lead to them taking all the credit for it , the same thing with mathematics Arabs translated Greeks, Indian , Persian works and adds to them and made algebra and so on , this is how science works technology is a human heritage each civilization adds to it

  6. Fun fact, the only numbers you can have in the denominator of a fraction where the resulting decimal doesn’t repeat infinitely are any multiples of the prime factors of your number systems base. So for base 10, the only fractions that won’t infinitely repeat as decimals are 1/(2^x*5^y), since the prime factors of 10 are 2 and 5

  7. actually, people didn’t do maths with roman numerals, if you needed to add something, you needed the help of someone who knew how to use an abacus properly. that’s why fibonacci wrote “liber abaci” (the book of the abacus), in which he was against them.

  8. Before I watch this video, let me guess – They were easier to use than the longer and more cumbersome Roman numerals. And, they included a naught.

  9. Arabic numerals
    123456789
    Indian numerals
    ١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩

  10. This is how Arabic speakers write their numbers from 1 to 10.
    Arabic Numerals

    ٠ o

    ١ 1
    ٢ 2
    ٣ 3

    ٤ 4

    ٥ 5

    ٦ 6

    ٧ 7

    ٨ 8

    ٩ 9

    ١ 10

    This proves our numbers are NOT Arabic numerals but the numbers taken by them from India and introduced to Europe.

  11. zero, numbers, decimal place value system, positive and negative numbers, algebra, geometric analysis of equations, trigonometric formulae, infinite series, differntial equations etc., etc.

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